giovedì, Aprile 18, 2024
11 C
Milano

Fondatori: Gilberto Oneto, Leonardo Facco, Gianluca Marchi

Italiani in fuga, eccovi la lista dei paesi dove si sta meglio e peggio peggio

Da leggere

di REDAZIONE

A volte è importante capire non tanto verso dove emigrare ma verso dove NON emigrare. Alcune nazioni infatti presentano situazioni di fragilità (termine politicamente corretto) che mal si addicono al trasferimento da parte di cittadini che sono abituati a vivere in una nazione di stampo occidentale come l’Italia.

Foreign Policy ha pubblicato  l’edizione più recente della classifica delle nazioni più fragili ideata da Fund For Peace. Questo indice ha l’obiettivo di mettere in evidenza le nazioni che soffrono di più la mancanza di stabilità con conseguenze negative per i loro cittadini.

Il nome dell’indice è stato cambiato quest’anno da “Indice degli Stati falliti” a “Indice degli Stati fragili” per mettere in evidenza che ogni nazione ha problematiche interne indipendentemente dal fatto che sia fallita oppure no.

I risultati dimostrano che raramente ci sono cambiamenti significativi da edizione a edizione: nove delle dieci nazioni più fragili in questa edizione facevano parte della top ten anche l’anno scorso.

I fattori presi in considerazione sono:

  • Pressione demografica: problemi relativi alla popolazione come ad esempio scarsità di cibo, crescita della popolazione e tassi di mortalità
  • Rifugiati e persone sfollate all’interno della nazione stessa
  • Tensione e violenza tra gruppi di persone all’interno della nazione stessa
  • Emigrazione da parte di rifugiati e di “cervelli”
  • Sviluppo economico irregolare all’interno della nazione stessa
  • Povertà e declino economico
  • Legittimità dello Stato
  • Amministrazione pubblica
  • Diritti umani e principio di legalità
  • Apparato di sicurezza
  • Presenza di “caste”
  • Livelli di interventi esterni da parte di altre nazioni come ad esempio l’assistenza umanitaria oppure sanzioni o un’invasione militare

Ecco la classifica completa con il punteggio raggiunto da ogni nazione (più alto è, peggio è, i migliori stanno in fondo alla tabella):

Rank Country 2022 score Change from 2021 Change from 2020 Change from 2019 Change from 2018 Change from 2017
1  Yemen 111.7 Steady Positive decrease 0.7 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 1.0 Negative increase 0.6
2  Somalia 110.5 Positive decrease 0.4 Positive decrease 0.4 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 2.7 Positive decrease 2.9
3  Syria 108.4 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 3.1 Positive decrease 3.0 Positive decrease 2.2
 South Sudan 108.4 Positive decrease 1.0 Positive decrease 2.4 Positive decrease 3.8 Positive decrease 5.0 Positive decrease 5.5
5  Central African Republic 108.1 Negative increase 1.1 Negative increase 0.6 Positive decrease 0.8 Positive decrease 3.0 Positive decrease 4.5
6  DR Congo 107.3 Positive decrease 1.1 Positive decrease 2.1 Positive decrease 2.9 Positive decrease 3.4 Positive decrease 2.7
7  Sudan 107.1 Negative increase 1.9 Negative increase 2.3 Positive decrease 0.9 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 3.5
8  Afghanistan 105.9 Negative increase 3.8 Negative increase 3.0 Negative increase 0.9 Positive decrease 0.7 Positive decrease 1.4
9  Chad 105.7 Positive decrease 0.1 Positive decrease 0.7 Positive decrease 2.8 Positive decrease 2.6 Positive decrease 3.7
10  Myanmar 100.0 Negative increase 6.2 Negative increase 6.0 Negative increase 5.7 Negative increase 3.9 Negative increase 4.3
11  Haiti 99.7 Negative increase 2.2 Negative increase 2.0 Negative increase 0.4 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 5.6
12  Guinea 99.6 Negative increase 2.2 Negative increase 2.4 Negative increase 0.2 Positive decrease 2.0 Positive decrease 2.8
13  Ethiopia 99.3 Negative increase 0.3 Negative increase 4.7 Negative increase 5.1 Positive decrease 0.3 Positive decrease 1.8
14  Mali 98.6 Negative increase 2.0 Negative increase 2.6 Negative increase 4.1 Negative increase 5.0 Negative increase 5.7
15  Zimbabwe 97.8 Positive decrease 1.3 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 4.5 Positive decrease 3.8
16  Nigeria 97.2 Positive decrease 0.8 Positive decrease 0.1 Positive decrease 1.3 Positive decrease 2.7 Positive decrease 4.4
17  Cameroon 96.0 Positive decrease 1.2 Positive decrease 1.9 Positive decrease 1.0 Negative increase 0.7 Negative increase 0.4
18  Eritrea 95.9 Positive decrease 1.1 Negative increase 0.1 Positive decrease 0.5 Positive decrease 1.3 Positive decrease 2.2
19  Burundi 95.4 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 2.8 Positive decrease 2.0 Positive decrease 3.5
20  Niger 95.2 Positive decrease 0.8 Positive decrease 0.1 Positive decrease 1.0 Positive decrease 1.0 Positive decrease 2.2
21  Mozambique 94.3 Negative increase 0.4 Negative increase 2.6 Negative increase 5.6 Negative increase 5.6 Negative increase 5.3
 Libya 94.3 Positive decrease 2.7 Positive decrease 0.9 Negative increase 2.1 Positive decrease 0.3 Positive decrease 2.0
23  Iraq 93.8 Positive decrease 2.4 Positive decrease 2.1 Positive decrease 5.3 Positive decrease 8.4 Positive decrease 11.6
24  Congo 92.2 Positive decrease 0.2 Negative increase 0.1 Positive decrease 0.3 Positive decrease 0.9 Positive decrease 1.2
25  Uganda 92.1 Positive decrease 0.8 Positive decrease 0.7 Positive decrease 3.2 Positive decrease 3.0 Positive decrease 3.9
26  Venezuela 91.6 Positive decrease 1.0 Negative increase 0.4 Negative increase 2.3 Negative increase 5.4 Negative increase 8.7
27  Guinea-Bissau 91.3 Positive decrease 0.7 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 4.2 Positive decrease 6.8 Positive decrease 8.2
 Lebanon 91.3 Negative increase 2.3 Negative increase 6.6 Negative increase 6.3 Negative increase 4.5 Negative increase 3.1
29  Burkina Faso 90.5 Negative increase 3.4 Negative increase 4.6 Negative increase 6.6 Negative increase 4.0 Negative increase 2.5
30  Pakistan 89.7 Positive decrease 0.8 Positive decrease 2.4 Positive decrease 4.5 Positive decrease 6.6 Positive decrease 9.2
31  Ivory Coast 89.6 Positive decrease 1.1 Positive decrease 0.1 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 5.0 Positive decrease 6.9
32  North Korea 89.1 Positive decrease 0.9 Positive decrease 1.1 Positive decrease 3.6 Positive decrease 4.1 Positive decrease 4.2
33  Liberia 88.2 Positive decrease 1.3 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 2.0 Positive decrease 4.4 Positive decrease 5.6
 Kenya 88.2 Positive decrease 1.0 Positive decrease 2.1 Positive decrease 5.3 Positive decrease 9.2 Positive decrease 8.2
35  Angola 88.1 Positive decrease 0.9 Negative increase 0.8 Negative increase 0.3 Positive decrease 1.3 Positive decrease 3.0
36  Mauritania 87.9 Positive decrease 1.2 Positive decrease 0.8 Positive decrease 2.2 Positive decrease 4.3 Positive decrease 5.8
37  Palestine[a] 85.6 Positive decrease 0.4 n/a n/a n/a n/a
38  Bangladesh 84.5 Positive decrease 0.5 Positive decrease 1.2 Positive decrease 3.2 Positive decrease 5.8 Positive decrease 4.6
39  Iran 84.1 Positive decrease 0.4 Negative increase 0.7 Negative increase 1.1 Positive decrease 0.2 Positive decrease 1.7
 Equatorial Guinea 84.1 Steady Negative increase 1.1 Negative increase 1.5 Negative increase 0.7 Positive decrease 0.9
41  Rwanda 83.7 Positive decrease 1.3 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 3.8 Positive decrease 5.6 Positive decrease 7.1
42  Zambia 83.6 Positive decrease 1.3 Positive decrease 0.9 Positive decrease 2.1 Positive decrease 3.6 Positive decrease 4.2
 Egypt 83.6 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 2.4 Positive decrease 4.8 Positive decrease 5.1 Positive decrease 6.2
 Togo 83.6 Positive decrease 1.5 Positive decrease 2.2 Positive decrease 3.8 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 0.3
45  Malawi 83.0 Positive decrease 0.2 Positive decrease 1.0 Positive decrease 0.3 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 5.0
46  Sierra Leone 82.4 Positive decrease 1.0 Positive decrease 2.0 Positive decrease 4.4 Positive decrease 6.7 Positive decrease 6.9
47  Comoros 82.3 Positive decrease 0.2 Negative increase 1.1 Negative increase 0.6 Positive decrease 0.3 Positive decrease 2.5
48  Djibouti 81.3 Positive decrease 1.1 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 3.8 Positive decrease 5.8 Positive decrease 7.6
49    Nepal 80.6 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 2.0 Positive decrease 4.1 Positive decrease 7.3 Positive decrease 10.4
50  Philippines 80.5 Positive decrease 1.9 Positive decrease 0.5 Positive decrease 2.6 Positive decrease 5.0 Positive decrease 3.9
 Cambodia 80.5 Positive decrease 0.1 Negative increase 0.2 Positive decrease 2.0 Positive decrease 3.5 Positive decrease 5.2
52  Madagascar 80.4 Negative increase 0.9 Negative increase 0.9 Positive decrease 0.5 Positive decrease 3.2 Positive decrease 3.6
 Eswatini 80.4 Positive decrease 2.1 Positive decrease 2.6 Positive decrease 4.9 Positive decrease 7.1 Positive decrease 8.4
 Solomon Islands 80.4 Negative increase 1.1 Negative increase 0.7 Positive decrease 1.5 Positive decrease 2.7 Positive decrease 4.4
55  Papua New Guinea 79.5 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 2.8 Positive decrease 3.6 Positive decrease 5.3 Positive decrease 6.9
56  Sri Lanka 79.3 Positive decrease 1.2 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 4.7 Positive decrease 5.6 Positive decrease 7.3
 East Timor 79.3 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 3.4 Positive decrease 6.2 Positive decrease 9.0 Positive decrease 11.2
58  Honduras 78.7 Positive decrease 0.7 Negative increase 1.9 Negative increase 0.9 Negative increase 1.4 Positive decrease 0.4
59  Gambia 78.6 Positive decrease 1.9 Positive decrease 3.6 Positive decrease 5.3 Positive decrease 8.5 Positive decrease 10.8
60  Colombia 78.4 Positive decrease 0.9 Negative increase 1.8 Negative increase 2.7 Negative increase 1.8 Positive decrease 0.5
61  Tanzania 78.2 Positive decrease 1.1 Negative increase 0.1 Positive decrease 1.9 Positive decrease 1.2 Positive decrease 2.1
62  Turkey 78.1 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 1.0 Positive decrease 2.2 Positive decrease 4.1 Positive decrease 2.7
63  Nicaragua 77.7 Negative increase 0.6 Negative increase 0.6 Positive decrease 0.4 Negative increase 2.4 Negative increase 0.3
64  Guatemala 77.5 Positive decrease 1.9 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 3.9 Positive decrease 4.3 Positive decrease 5.6
65  Lesotho 77.4 Positive decrease 0.5 Positive decrease 0.9 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 2.7 Positive decrease 4.3
66  Kyrgyzstan 77.1 Negative increase 0.7 Negative increase 3.2 Negative increase 0.9 Positive decrease 1.5 Positive decrease 3.2
67  Jordan 76.6 Positive decrease 0.2 Negative increase 1.2 Negative increase 0.7 Positive decrease 0.2 Positive decrease 2.1
68  Laos 75.5 Positive decrease 0.5 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 3.2 Positive decrease 5.2 Positive decrease 6.9
69  India 75.3 Positive decrease 1.7 Steady Negative increase 0.9 Positive decrease 1.0 Positive decrease 2.6
70  Tajikistan 75.0 Positive decrease 0.1 Positive decrease 0.5 Positive decrease 2.7 Positive decrease 4.5 Positive decrease 6.8
71  Brazil 73.9 Positive decrease 1.9 Negative increase 0.9 Negative increase 2.1 Negative increase 5.2 Negative increase 5.7
72  Bolivia 73.4 Positive decrease 1.5 Positive decrease 1.6 Negative increase 0.5 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 3.4
73  Azerbaijan 73.1 Positive decrease 2.0 Negative increase 1.8 Positive decrease 0.1 Positive decrease 1.5 Positive decrease 3.2
74  Bosnia-Herzegovina 73.0 Negative increase 0.1 Negative increase 2.8 Negative increase 1.7 Negative increase 1.7 Steady
75  Russia 72.6 Positive decrease 1.0 Steady Positive decrease 2.1 Positive decrease 4.6 Positive decrease 6.6
76  Benin 72.5 Positive decrease 0.3 Steady Positive decrease 1.1 Positive decrease 3.2 Positive decrease 5.1
77  Algeria 72.2 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 2.4 Positive decrease 3.2 Positive decrease 3.6 Positive decrease 4.6
78  Senegal 72.1 Positive decrease 1.3 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 5.1 Positive decrease 7.5 Positive decrease 10.2
79  South Africa 72.0 Negative increase 2.0 Negative increase 1.9 Negative increase 0.9 Positive decrease 0.9 Positive decrease 0.3
80  Georgia 71.8 Positive decrease 0.8 Negative increase 0.6 Positive decrease 0.2 Positive decrease 2.2 Positive decrease 4.7
81  F.S. Micronesia 71.0 Positive decrease 0.7 Positive decrease 0.2 Positive decrease 2.0 Positive decrease 3.4 Positive decrease 5.4
82  El Salvador 70.8 Positive decrease 0.8 Negative increase 1.9 Negative increase 1.0 Positive decrease 0.4 Positive decrease 2.3
83  São Tomé and Príncipe 70.4 Positive decrease 1.1 Negative increase 0.1 Positive decrease 0.7 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 1.7
84  Mexico 70.3 Negative increase 0.4 Negative increase 3.1 Negative increase 0.6 Positive decrease 1.2 Positive decrease 4.0
85  Morocco 70.1 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 1.1 Positive decrease 2.9 Positive decrease 3.9 Positive decrease 4.8
86  Thailand 70.0 Positive decrease 0.9 Positive decrease 0.8 Positive decrease 3.1 Positive decrease 5.0 Positive decrease 6.2
87  Peru 69.8 Positive decrease 1.6 Negative increase 2.2 Negative increase 1.6 Positive decrease 0.3 Positive decrease 0.5
88  Uzbekistan 69.6 Positive decrease 2.4 Positive decrease 3.5 Positive decrease 6.1 Positive decrease 9.5 Positive decrease 11.9
89  Ecuador 69.1 Positive decrease 2.1 Positive decrease 0.3 Positive decrease 2.1 Positive decrease 5.1 Positive decrease 8.2
90  Fiji 68.9 Positive decrease 1.5 Positive decrease 1.0 Positive decrease 2.8 Positive decrease 5.6 Positive decrease 8.0
91  Belarus 68.7 Negative increase 0.7 Negative increase 2.9 Negative increase 0.5 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 3.7
92  Ukraine 68.6 Positive decrease 1.2 Positive decrease 0.4 Positive decrease 2.4 Positive decrease 4.0 Positive decrease 5.4
93  Tunisia 68.2 Positive decrease 1.0 Negative increase 0.1 Positive decrease 1.9 Positive decrease 3.9 Positive decrease 6.0
94  Serbia 67.8 Negative increase 0.4 Negative increase 1.7 Positive decrease 0.2 Positive decrease 0.3 Positive decrease 2.2
95  Saudi Arabia 67.5 Positive decrease 2.2 Positive decrease 1.3 Positive decrease 2.9 Positive decrease 2.7 Positive decrease 3.7
96  Bhutan 67.4 Positive decrease 0.9 Positive decrease 2.1 Positive decrease 4.6 Positive decrease 6.9 Positive decrease 8.6
97  Armenia 67.0 Positive decrease 2.8 Negative increase 2.8 Negative increase 0.3 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 4.0
98  China 66.9 Positive decrease 2.0 Positive decrease 3.0 Positive decrease 4.2 Positive decrease 5.5 Positive decrease 7.8
99  Gabon 66.7 Positive decrease 0.7 Positive decrease 2.4 Positive decrease 3.8 Positive decrease 5.8 Positive decrease 7.1
100  Indonesia 66.6 Positive decrease 1.0 Positive decrease 1.2 Positive decrease 3.8 Positive decrease 5.7 Positive decrease 6.3
 Bahrain 66.6 Positive decrease 0.1 Negative increase 2.7 Negative increase 2.8 Negative increase 2.2 Negative increase 1.7
102  Turkmenistan 66.5 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 2.6 Positive decrease 4.9 Positive decrease 6.1 Positive decrease 7.9
103  Paraguay 65.4 Positive decrease 1.0 Negative increase 0.2 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 4.4 Positive decrease 6.2
104  Samoa 64.8 Negative increase 0.6 Negative increase 1.5 Negative increase 0.6 Positive decrease 0.7 Positive decrease 2.3
105  Maldives 64.5 Positive decrease 3.1 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 5.3 Positive decrease 7.9 Positive decrease 9.9
 Moldova 64.5 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 1.5 Positive decrease 2.6 Positive decrease 5.0 Positive decrease 7.5
107  Guyana 64.2 Positive decrease 1.9 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 4.0 Positive decrease 6.2 Positive decrease 7.1
108  Ghana 63.0 Positive decrease 0.9 Positive decrease 1.2 Positive decrease 2.9 Positive decrease 5.1 Positive decrease 6.7
109  Namibia 62.9 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 2.2 Positive decrease 3.5 Positive decrease 5.9 Positive decrease 7.5
110  Dominican Republic 62.8 Positive decrease 1.9 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 3.4 Positive decrease 6.4 Positive decrease 6.2
111  North Macedonia 62.6 Positive decrease 1.9 Negative increase 0.5 Positive decrease 2.0 Positive decrease 2.2 Positive decrease 3.5
112  Jamaica 62.1 Negative increase 0.9 Negative increase 2.1 Negative increase 0.9 Positive decrease 1.0 Positive decrease 3.1
 Belize 62.1 Positive decrease 2.1 Negative increase 1.3 Positive decrease 0.4 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 3.4
114  Cape Verde 61.4 Positive decrease 2.8 Positive decrease 3.4 Positive decrease 5.2 Positive decrease 6.6 Positive decrease 8.7
115  Vietnam 60.9 Positive decrease 2.4 Positive decrease 3.0 Positive decrease 5.2 Positive decrease 7.5 Positive decrease 9.3
116  Suriname 60.8 Positive decrease 0.7 Negative increase 0.7 Positive decrease 1.1 Positive decrease 3.2 Positive decrease 5.1
117  Cuba 60.1 Negative increase 0.6 Negative increase 0.9 Positive decrease 0.7 Positive decrease 2.8 Positive decrease 4.5
118  Kazakhstan 59.5 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 0.3 Positive decrease 2.1 Positive decrease 3.9 Positive decrease 6.4
119  Montenegro 57.9 Positive decrease 0.6 Negative increase 2.4 Negative increase 2.6 Negative increase 2.6 Negative increase 2.2
120  Cyprus 56.9 Positive decrease 0.5 Negative increase 0.8 Positive decrease 0.9 Positive decrease 3.4 Positive decrease 5.7
121  Albania 56.7 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 2.1 Positive decrease 2.2 Positive decrease 3.4 Positive decrease 3.8
122  Malaysia 56.4 Positive decrease 0.5 Positive decrease 1.2 Positive decrease 4.1 Positive decrease 7.2 Positive decrease 9.0
123  Botswana 56.1 Positive decrease 0.9 Positive decrease 1.0 Positive decrease 3.4 Positive decrease 5.9 Positive decrease 7.7
124  Greece 55.8 Negative increase 1.3 Negative increase 3.7 Negative increase 1.9 Negative increase 0.5 Positive decrease 1.7
125  Brunei 55.1 Positive decrease 1.2 Positive decrease 1.5 Positive decrease 2.4 Positive decrease 4.7 Positive decrease 6.5
126  Grenada 54.3 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 0.9 Positive decrease 3.3 Positive decrease 5.6 Positive decrease 7.2
127  Antigua and Barbuda 54.2 Positive decrease 0.7 Negative increase 2.1 Positive decrease 0.2 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 0.6
 Seychelles 54.2 Positive decrease 2.1 Positive decrease 0.5 Positive decrease 1.0 Positive decrease 2.6 Positive decrease 5.2
129  Trinidad and Tobago 52.4 Positive decrease 0.5 Negative increase 0.5 Positive decrease 0.6 Positive decrease 2.2 Positive decrease 4.3
130  Kuwait 52.2 Positive decrease 0.7 Negative increase 1.3 Positive decrease 1.0 Positive decrease 3.7 Positive decrease 6.3
131  Mongolia 51.6 Positive decrease 0.7 Positive decrease 0.3 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 3.3 Positive decrease 5.1
 Bulgaria 51.6 Steady Negative increase 2.4 Negative increase 1.0 Positive decrease 0.1 Positive decrease 2.1
133  Romania 50.8 Positive decrease 0.2 Negative increase 4.1 Negative increase 3.0 Negative increase 1.4 Positive decrease 0.1
 Hungary 50.8 Positive decrease 0.3 Negative increase 3.2 Negative increase 1.2 Negative increase 0.6 Positive decrease 1.2
135  Bahamas 50.6 Positive decrease 1.8 Negative increase 0.7 Negative increase 1.8 Negative increase 0.6 Positive decrease 1.8
136  Oman 49.5 Positive decrease 0.9 Negative increase 1.5 Positive decrease 0.5 Positive decrease 3.1 Positive decrease 3.0
137  Croatia 49.3 Positive decrease 0.5 Negative increase 3.2 Negative increase 1.8 Negative increase 0.6 Positive decrease 1.3
138  Argentina 47.9 Positive decrease 2.2 Negative increase 1.8 Negative increase 1.9 Negative increase 1.8 Positive decrease 0.3
139  Panama 47.5 Positive decrease 1.2 Negative increase 1.5 Negative increase 0.5 Positive decrease 2.0 Positive decrease 3.2
140  United States 46.6 Negative increase 2.0 Negative increase 8.3 Negative increase 8.6 Negative increase 8.9 Negative increase 11.0
141  Barbados 45.9 Positive decrease 1.1 Positive decrease 0.5 Positive decrease 2.1 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 3.7
142  Spain 44.4 Positive decrease 0.4 Negative increase 4.0 Negative increase 3.7 Negative increase 3.0 Negative increase 6.5
143  Italy 43.4 Positive decrease 1.8 Negative increase 1.0 Positive decrease 0.4 Positive decrease 0.4 Positive decrease 1.8
144  Chile 43.2 Positive decrease 0.9 Negative increase 0.7 Negative increase 4.3 Negative increase 2.5 Negative increase 2.1
145  Latvia 42.8 Positive decrease 1.2 Negative increase 0.5 Positive decrease 1.1 Positive decrease 2.1 Positive decrease 3.6
146  Israel[a] 42.6 Positive decrease 0.4 n/a n/a n/a n/a
147  Qatar 42.3 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 3.1 Positive decrease 5.8 Positive decrease 1.7
148  Poland 42.2 Positive decrease 0.9 Negative increase 1.2 Positive decrease 0.6 Negative increase 0.7 Negative increase 1.4
149  Costa Rica 41.0 Positive decrease 1.5 Negative increase 0.8 Positive decrease 1.0 Positive decrease 2.2 Positive decrease 3.1
150  United Kingdom 40.6 Positive decrease 0.9 Negative increase 2.3 Negative increase 3.9 Negative increase 6.3 Negative increase 7.4
151  Czech Republic 39.9 Negative increase 0.6 Negative increase 4.2 Negative increase 2.3 Negative increase 0.9 Positive decrease 0.2
152  United Arab Emirates 39.1 Positive decrease 1.2 Negative increase 1.0 Positive decrease 1.0 Positive decrease 3.7 Positive decrease 4.6
153  Lithuania 38.6 Positive decrease 0.1 Negative increase 2.1 Negative increase 0.5 Positive decrease 0.8 Positive decrease 3.1
154  Mauritius 37.9 Positive decrease 0.2 Negative increase 0.7 Positive decrease 1.0 Positive decrease 2.6 Positive decrease 3.8
155  Estonia 37.7 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 0.8 Positive decrease 3.1 Positive decrease 5.3 Positive decrease 7.0
156  Slovakia 37.1 Positive decrease 1.9 Positive decrease 1.1 Positive decrease 3.4 Positive decrease 5.4 Positive decrease 7.2
157  Uruguay 35.2 Positive decrease 0.7 Negative increase 1.8 Negative increase 1.2 Positive decrease 0.2 Positive decrease 1.6
158  Malta 34.7 Positive decrease 1.5 Negative increase 1.1 Negative increase 0.2 Positive decrease 1.5 Positive decrease 3.9
159  South Korea 32.7 Negative increase 0.2 Negative increase 0.7 Positive decrease 1.0 Positive decrease 3.0 Positive decrease 5.4
160  Belgium 31.9 Negative increase 0.9 Negative increase 4.8 Negative increase 3.3 Negative increase 2.2 Negative increase 1.1
161  Japan 31.0 Positive decrease 1.2 Positive decrease 1.3 Positive decrease 3.3 Positive decrease 3.5 Positive decrease 6.4
162  France 30.9 Positive decrease 1.6 Negative increase 0.4 Positive decrease 1.1 Positive decrease 1.3 Positive decrease 2.6
163  Slovenia 27.7 Positive decrease 0.5 Negative increase 1.9 Positive decrease 0.3 Positive decrease 2.6 Positive decrease 4.7
164  Portugal 27.5 Negative increase 0.7 Negative increase 4.0 Negative increase 2.2 Negative increase 0.2 Positive decrease 1.5
165  Singapore 25.8 Positive decrease 0.8 Positive decrease 0.5 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 4.6 Positive decrease 6.7
166  Austria 25.4 Positive decrease 0.7 Negative increase 1.3 Negative increase 0.4 Positive decrease 0.8 Positive decrease 2.3
167  Germany 23.6 Positive decrease 1.2 Negative increase 0.4 Positive decrease 1.1 Positive decrease 2.2 Positive decrease 4.5
168  Australia 22.7 Negative increase 0.9 Negative increase 3.0 Negative increase 3.0 Negative increase 1.9 Negative increase 0.4
169  Netherlands 22.1 Positive decrease 2.0 Positive decrease 0.8 Positive decrease 2.7 Positive decrease 4.1 Positive decrease 5.3
170  Sweden 20.9 Positive decrease 0.5 Negative increase 2.7 Negative increase 0.6 Negative increase 0.1 Positive decrease 1.2
171  Ireland 20.8 Positive decrease 1.4 Negative increase 0.9 Negative increase 0.2 Negative increase 0.1 Positive decrease 1.5
172  Canada 20.1 Positive decrease 1.6 Negative increase 1.4 Negative increase 0.1 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 2.5
173  Luxembourg 20.0 Positive decrease 1.1 Negative increase 1.2 Positive decrease 0.4 Positive decrease 0.8 Positive decrease 3.4
174   Switzerland 18.9 Positive decrease 1.0 Negative increase 1.8 Negative increase 0.2 Positive decrease 0.3 Positive decrease 2.2
175  Denmark 18.1 Positive decrease 0.7 Negative increase 0.9 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 3.4
176  New Zealand 17.5 Positive decrease 0.9 Positive decrease 0.4 Positive decrease 2.6 Positive decrease 3.4 Positive decrease 5.1
177  Iceland 17.1 Positive decrease 0.9 Positive decrease 0.7 Positive decrease 2.7 Positive decrease 3.2 Positive decrease 5.4
178  Norway 15.6 Positive decrease 1.0 Positive decrease 0.6 Positive decrease 2.4 Positive decrease 2.7 Positive decrease 4.9
179  Finland 15.1 Positive decrease 1.1 Negative increase 0.5 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 2.8 Positive decrease 3.6

 

 

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