venerdì, Ottobre 7, 2022
14.9 C
Milano

Fondatori: Gilberto Oneto, Leonardo Facco, Gianluca Marchi

Italiani in fuga, eccovi la lista dei paesi dove si sta meglio e peggio peggio

Da leggere

di REDAZIONE

A volte è importante capire non tanto verso dove emigrare ma verso dove NON emigrare. Alcune nazioni infatti presentano situazioni di fragilità (termine politicamente corretto) che mal si addicono al trasferimento da parte di cittadini che sono abituati a vivere in una nazione di stampo occidentale come l’Italia.

Foreign Policy ha pubblicato  l’edizione più recente della classifica delle nazioni più fragili ideata da Fund For Peace. Questo indice ha l’obiettivo di mettere in evidenza le nazioni che soffrono di più la mancanza di stabilità con conseguenze negative per i loro cittadini.

Il nome dell’indice è stato cambiato quest’anno da “Indice degli Stati falliti” a “Indice degli Stati fragili” per mettere in evidenza che ogni nazione ha problematiche interne indipendentemente dal fatto che sia fallita oppure no.

I risultati dimostrano che raramente ci sono cambiamenti significativi da edizione a edizione: nove delle dieci nazioni più fragili in questa edizione facevano parte della top ten anche l’anno scorso.

I fattori presi in considerazione sono:

  • Pressione demografica: problemi relativi alla popolazione come ad esempio scarsità di cibo, crescita della popolazione e tassi di mortalità
  • Rifugiati e persone sfollate all’interno della nazione stessa
  • Tensione e violenza tra gruppi di persone all’interno della nazione stessa
  • Emigrazione da parte di rifugiati e di “cervelli”
  • Sviluppo economico irregolare all’interno della nazione stessa
  • Povertà e declino economico
  • Legittimità dello Stato
  • Amministrazione pubblica
  • Diritti umani e principio di legalità
  • Apparato di sicurezza
  • Presenza di “caste”
  • Livelli di interventi esterni da parte di altre nazioni come ad esempio l’assistenza umanitaria oppure sanzioni o un’invasione militare

Ecco la classifica completa con il punteggio raggiunto da ogni nazione (più alto è, peggio è, i migliori stanno in fondo alla tabella):

Rank Country 2022 score Change from 2021 Change from 2020 Change from 2019 Change from 2018 Change from 2017
1  Yemen 111.7 Steady Positive decrease 0.7 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 1.0 Negative increase 0.6
2  Somalia 110.5 Positive decrease 0.4 Positive decrease 0.4 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 2.7 Positive decrease 2.9
3  Syria 108.4 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 3.1 Positive decrease 3.0 Positive decrease 2.2
 South Sudan 108.4 Positive decrease 1.0 Positive decrease 2.4 Positive decrease 3.8 Positive decrease 5.0 Positive decrease 5.5
5  Central African Republic 108.1 Negative increase 1.1 Negative increase 0.6 Positive decrease 0.8 Positive decrease 3.0 Positive decrease 4.5
6  DR Congo 107.3 Positive decrease 1.1 Positive decrease 2.1 Positive decrease 2.9 Positive decrease 3.4 Positive decrease 2.7
7  Sudan 107.1 Negative increase 1.9 Negative increase 2.3 Positive decrease 0.9 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 3.5
8  Afghanistan 105.9 Negative increase 3.8 Negative increase 3.0 Negative increase 0.9 Positive decrease 0.7 Positive decrease 1.4
9  Chad 105.7 Positive decrease 0.1 Positive decrease 0.7 Positive decrease 2.8 Positive decrease 2.6 Positive decrease 3.7
10  Myanmar 100.0 Negative increase 6.2 Negative increase 6.0 Negative increase 5.7 Negative increase 3.9 Negative increase 4.3
11  Haiti 99.7 Negative increase 2.2 Negative increase 2.0 Negative increase 0.4 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 5.6
12  Guinea 99.6 Negative increase 2.2 Negative increase 2.4 Negative increase 0.2 Positive decrease 2.0 Positive decrease 2.8
13  Ethiopia 99.3 Negative increase 0.3 Negative increase 4.7 Negative increase 5.1 Positive decrease 0.3 Positive decrease 1.8
14  Mali 98.6 Negative increase 2.0 Negative increase 2.6 Negative increase 4.1 Negative increase 5.0 Negative increase 5.7
15  Zimbabwe 97.8 Positive decrease 1.3 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 4.5 Positive decrease 3.8
16  Nigeria 97.2 Positive decrease 0.8 Positive decrease 0.1 Positive decrease 1.3 Positive decrease 2.7 Positive decrease 4.4
17  Cameroon 96.0 Positive decrease 1.2 Positive decrease 1.9 Positive decrease 1.0 Negative increase 0.7 Negative increase 0.4
18  Eritrea 95.9 Positive decrease 1.1 Negative increase 0.1 Positive decrease 0.5 Positive decrease 1.3 Positive decrease 2.2
19  Burundi 95.4 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 2.8 Positive decrease 2.0 Positive decrease 3.5
20  Niger 95.2 Positive decrease 0.8 Positive decrease 0.1 Positive decrease 1.0 Positive decrease 1.0 Positive decrease 2.2
21  Mozambique 94.3 Negative increase 0.4 Negative increase 2.6 Negative increase 5.6 Negative increase 5.6 Negative increase 5.3
 Libya 94.3 Positive decrease 2.7 Positive decrease 0.9 Negative increase 2.1 Positive decrease 0.3 Positive decrease 2.0
23  Iraq 93.8 Positive decrease 2.4 Positive decrease 2.1 Positive decrease 5.3 Positive decrease 8.4 Positive decrease 11.6
24  Congo 92.2 Positive decrease 0.2 Negative increase 0.1 Positive decrease 0.3 Positive decrease 0.9 Positive decrease 1.2
25  Uganda 92.1 Positive decrease 0.8 Positive decrease 0.7 Positive decrease 3.2 Positive decrease 3.0 Positive decrease 3.9
26  Venezuela 91.6 Positive decrease 1.0 Negative increase 0.4 Negative increase 2.3 Negative increase 5.4 Negative increase 8.7
27  Guinea-Bissau 91.3 Positive decrease 0.7 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 4.2 Positive decrease 6.8 Positive decrease 8.2
 Lebanon 91.3 Negative increase 2.3 Negative increase 6.6 Negative increase 6.3 Negative increase 4.5 Negative increase 3.1
29  Burkina Faso 90.5 Negative increase 3.4 Negative increase 4.6 Negative increase 6.6 Negative increase 4.0 Negative increase 2.5
30  Pakistan 89.7 Positive decrease 0.8 Positive decrease 2.4 Positive decrease 4.5 Positive decrease 6.6 Positive decrease 9.2
31  Ivory Coast 89.6 Positive decrease 1.1 Positive decrease 0.1 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 5.0 Positive decrease 6.9
32  North Korea 89.1 Positive decrease 0.9 Positive decrease 1.1 Positive decrease 3.6 Positive decrease 4.1 Positive decrease 4.2
33  Liberia 88.2 Positive decrease 1.3 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 2.0 Positive decrease 4.4 Positive decrease 5.6
 Kenya 88.2 Positive decrease 1.0 Positive decrease 2.1 Positive decrease 5.3 Positive decrease 9.2 Positive decrease 8.2
35  Angola 88.1 Positive decrease 0.9 Negative increase 0.8 Negative increase 0.3 Positive decrease 1.3 Positive decrease 3.0
36  Mauritania 87.9 Positive decrease 1.2 Positive decrease 0.8 Positive decrease 2.2 Positive decrease 4.3 Positive decrease 5.8
37  Palestine[a] 85.6 Positive decrease 0.4 n/a n/a n/a n/a
38  Bangladesh 84.5 Positive decrease 0.5 Positive decrease 1.2 Positive decrease 3.2 Positive decrease 5.8 Positive decrease 4.6
39  Iran 84.1 Positive decrease 0.4 Negative increase 0.7 Negative increase 1.1 Positive decrease 0.2 Positive decrease 1.7
 Equatorial Guinea 84.1 Steady Negative increase 1.1 Negative increase 1.5 Negative increase 0.7 Positive decrease 0.9
41  Rwanda 83.7 Positive decrease 1.3 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 3.8 Positive decrease 5.6 Positive decrease 7.1
42  Zambia 83.6 Positive decrease 1.3 Positive decrease 0.9 Positive decrease 2.1 Positive decrease 3.6 Positive decrease 4.2
 Egypt 83.6 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 2.4 Positive decrease 4.8 Positive decrease 5.1 Positive decrease 6.2
 Togo 83.6 Positive decrease 1.5 Positive decrease 2.2 Positive decrease 3.8 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 0.3
45  Malawi 83.0 Positive decrease 0.2 Positive decrease 1.0 Positive decrease 0.3 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 5.0
46  Sierra Leone 82.4 Positive decrease 1.0 Positive decrease 2.0 Positive decrease 4.4 Positive decrease 6.7 Positive decrease 6.9
47  Comoros 82.3 Positive decrease 0.2 Negative increase 1.1 Negative increase 0.6 Positive decrease 0.3 Positive decrease 2.5
48  Djibouti 81.3 Positive decrease 1.1 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 3.8 Positive decrease 5.8 Positive decrease 7.6
49    Nepal 80.6 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 2.0 Positive decrease 4.1 Positive decrease 7.3 Positive decrease 10.4
50  Philippines 80.5 Positive decrease 1.9 Positive decrease 0.5 Positive decrease 2.6 Positive decrease 5.0 Positive decrease 3.9
 Cambodia 80.5 Positive decrease 0.1 Negative increase 0.2 Positive decrease 2.0 Positive decrease 3.5 Positive decrease 5.2
52  Madagascar 80.4 Negative increase 0.9 Negative increase 0.9 Positive decrease 0.5 Positive decrease 3.2 Positive decrease 3.6
 Eswatini 80.4 Positive decrease 2.1 Positive decrease 2.6 Positive decrease 4.9 Positive decrease 7.1 Positive decrease 8.4
 Solomon Islands 80.4 Negative increase 1.1 Negative increase 0.7 Positive decrease 1.5 Positive decrease 2.7 Positive decrease 4.4
55  Papua New Guinea 79.5 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 2.8 Positive decrease 3.6 Positive decrease 5.3 Positive decrease 6.9
56  Sri Lanka 79.3 Positive decrease 1.2 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 4.7 Positive decrease 5.6 Positive decrease 7.3
 East Timor 79.3 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 3.4 Positive decrease 6.2 Positive decrease 9.0 Positive decrease 11.2
58  Honduras 78.7 Positive decrease 0.7 Negative increase 1.9 Negative increase 0.9 Negative increase 1.4 Positive decrease 0.4
59  Gambia 78.6 Positive decrease 1.9 Positive decrease 3.6 Positive decrease 5.3 Positive decrease 8.5 Positive decrease 10.8
60  Colombia 78.4 Positive decrease 0.9 Negative increase 1.8 Negative increase 2.7 Negative increase 1.8 Positive decrease 0.5
61  Tanzania 78.2 Positive decrease 1.1 Negative increase 0.1 Positive decrease 1.9 Positive decrease 1.2 Positive decrease 2.1
62  Turkey 78.1 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 1.0 Positive decrease 2.2 Positive decrease 4.1 Positive decrease 2.7
63  Nicaragua 77.7 Negative increase 0.6 Negative increase 0.6 Positive decrease 0.4 Negative increase 2.4 Negative increase 0.3
64  Guatemala 77.5 Positive decrease 1.9 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 3.9 Positive decrease 4.3 Positive decrease 5.6
65  Lesotho 77.4 Positive decrease 0.5 Positive decrease 0.9 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 2.7 Positive decrease 4.3
66  Kyrgyzstan 77.1 Negative increase 0.7 Negative increase 3.2 Negative increase 0.9 Positive decrease 1.5 Positive decrease 3.2
67  Jordan 76.6 Positive decrease 0.2 Negative increase 1.2 Negative increase 0.7 Positive decrease 0.2 Positive decrease 2.1
68  Laos 75.5 Positive decrease 0.5 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 3.2 Positive decrease 5.2 Positive decrease 6.9
69  India 75.3 Positive decrease 1.7